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GEN Protocols

Drug Discovery

Protocol

High-Throughput Detection of Degraded Polysorbate in Biological Formulations with FMM

Excipients like polysorbate are used in the majority of biologic products to improve stability. However, the polysorbate itself can degrade, impairing the stability of the API and contributing an additional aggregate source that can elicit an immunogenic response. Traditionally, monitoring only poly... More


Protocol

Transfecting Edit-R™ Cas9 mRNA with Synthetic Guide RNA in Cultured Mammalian Cells

This is an abbreviated protocol for transfecting Edit-R™ Cas9 mRNA (Cat #CAS11195, #CAS11859, or #CAS11860) with synthetic guide RNA into cultured mammalian cells using DharmaFECT™ Duo transfection reagent (Cat #T-2010-xx). Synthetic guide RNA can be either synthetic single guide RNA, or synthetic c... More


Protocol

How to Determine Glycan Profiles of Biopharmaceuticals from Peptide Mapping Data

Glycosylation is a common critical quality attribute (CQA) of therapeutic proteins and needs to be characterized during product development. Typically, this analysis is conducted after enzymatic release and tagging of the glycans followed by fluorescence and MS detection. However, that approach lose... More


Protocol

Studying protein-drug complexes under native conditions in the low nM range using MRMS

Protein ligand complexes need to be preserved through the electrospray and detection process. This work describes high resolution native mass spectrometric measurements of the enzyme carbonic anhydrase II (Figure 1) and the non-covalent complex with the substrate acetazolamide (Figure 2) using a sci... More


Protocol

Protein Aggregate Identification with FMM: Rapidly Distinguish Protein from Non-Protein Particles in Biologic Formulations

Don’t rely on unreliable morphology characteristics or refractive index to determine if particles in your formulation are protein or non-protein. Aura systems are the only particle analyzer that combines fluorescence membrane microscopy (FMM) with backgrounded membrane image (BMI) to give you defini... More