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GEN Protocols

Drug Discovery

Drug Discovery

Video

GEN Protocols Expert Exchanges: Tools and Techniques to Develop Therapies for Neurological Disorders

The human brain is an exquisitely complex organ, consisting of nearly one hundred billion neurons, an equivalent number of non-neuronal cells and trillions of synapses. Understanding the factors that play a role in the development of the structure and function of the brain is an essential step to de... More


Audio

GEN Protocols Expert Exchanges: Next Generation Techniques to Develop Genetic Medicines

The past decade has seen a shift in drug discovery to include targeting the root cause of genetic diseases: loss-of-function, gain-of-function, and change-of-function mutations in the genome. Although first generation genetic medicines like gene therapies heralded a new approach to treating previous... More


Video

GEN Protocols Expert Exchanges: Critical ALS Biomarkers of Neuroinflammation & Oxidative Stress

Biomarkers are essential tools for the development of therapeutics, clinical trial design and patient stratification. Biomarkers also help evaluate the efficacy of therapeutic intervention on disease progression or relapse. Yet, biomarker driven patient stratification, a hallmark in oncology trials,... More


Video

GEN Protocols Expert Exchanges: Nanoparticles in Precision Medicine Diagnostics and Delivery

Particles in the size-range of one to 100 nanometres called nanoparticles exhibit significantly different physical and chemical properties owing to their large surface area to volume ratio. Nanoparticles are finding new applications in medicine. They can combine diagnosis and delivery into one devic... More


Video

GEN Protocols Expert Exchanges: Single-Cell RNA Sequencing--Challenges and Solutions

Biological resolution at the level of individual cells is the only route to understanding biological organisms that are a heterogenous composite of different cell types. Single-cell technology is powering the next phase of basic research in biology, translational enquiries, and strategies for person... More


Mixer

Viral Titer Assays and Interpretations

In this Mixer we will discuss some common methods used to measure viral titers and considerations one should bear in mind when interpreting the results from different assays used to quantify virus particles.Along with all things virology, the recent pandemic has led to focused interest in the accura... More


Mixer

Cell Therapy: Autologous vs Allogeneic Cell Expansion

This Mixer discusses culture systems, integrated consumables, and technical considerations for cell expansion processes in the production of autologous and allogeneic cell therapy products. Our expert panelists will discuss the implementation of scalable, cost-efficient technologies and process opti... More


Mixer

Spatial Biology Tools and Techniques

Single-cell spatial phenotyping is transforming biomedical research in fields ranging from oncology to neuroscience. This GEN Protocols Mixer focuses on technological developments and protocols that have enabled spatial approaches in biology. We will explore novel applications of the technology in d... More


Primer

Assessing Protein Purity: Many Tests, Many Assays

Proteins provide structure to cells, catalyse enzymatic reactions, transport cargo, replicate DNA, metabolise nutrients among an array of other functions. Composed of amino acids and generally featuring a three-dimensional structure, proteins form key therapeutic and diagnostic tools as antibodies o... More


Primer

Expressing, Extracting and Purifying Membrane Proteins

Membrane proteins are key biological players involved in myriad essential cellular processes from molecular transport, cellular communication, and signal transduction to maintaining structures within cells and tissues. Despite their importance, accounting for 25% of all proteins in the human genome ... More


Protocol

AAV Aggregate Quantitation and Identification with the Aura System

Adeno-associated viruses (AAVs) have made the promise of gene therapy a reality by enabling safe, targeted delivery of curative genetic payloads. The formation of aggregated viral vector is an important critical quality attribute to measure because they lead to adverse immunogenic events and are an ... More


Protocol

Detect Specific Protein Aggregates in Biologic Formulations with the Aura Immunoassay

Biologic co-formulations target multiple pharmacologically active sites to increase therapy efficacy. However, either biologic can be a source of protein aggregation that can negatively influence the product’s safety, efficacy, and therapy. Aura systems are the only particle analyzer that can pinpoi... More


Protocol

Evaluate Cell Therapy Product Purity with Aura CL

The CAR-T development workflow is a multi-step process that includes transfection of T cells with a viral vector to express a chimeric antigen and activation/expansion of the CAR-T using a molecule like a Dynabead conjugated to CD3/CD28. Each of these steps is a potential source of contamination tha... More


Protocol

USP Particle Count Standards with Aura and Particle Vue 3.1

All membrane microscopy methods must generate accurate and reproducible counts for bead counting standards. We present a validated methodology for accurately counting United States Pharmacopeia (USP) microsphere count standards on Aura systems by seamlessly calculating the cumulative area of all the... More


Protocol

USP Compendial Particle Measurements with the Aura System

The Aura platform provides a rapid and robust USP 788 compendial method for subvisible particle analysis, a critical quality attribute. It can handle a wide range of sample types and can analyze anywhere from 5 µL to 10 mL of sample, enabling continuity of method from developability assessment to lo... More


Protocol

IsoCode Single-Cell Adaptive Immune: TCR-T Protocol

A. Overview of ProtocolDay 1: Cryopreserved TCR-T cells are thawed and cultured overnight in the presence of IL-2. Cryopreserved target cell lines are thawed, cultured and passaged several days prior to beginning the experiment.Day 2: Enrichment, Staining, and Antigen Stimulation of CD4+ and/or CD8+... More


Protocol

IsoCode Single-Cell Innate Immune: Human Monocyte Protocol Using Membrane Stain

A. OverviewOverview of ProtocolDay 1: Cryopreserved cells are thawed and cultured overnight in complete RPMI media.Day 2: Enrichment and Stimulation of Monocytes for 24 hours.Day 3: Staining and Loading of Monocytes onto IsoCode Chip.... More


Protocol

IsoCode Single-Cell Innate Immune: Human CD34+ Myeloid Stem Cell Protocol

A. Overview1. Overview of ProtocolDay 1: Cryopreserved cells are thawed and cultured overnight in the presence of IL-2.Day 2: Enrichment and Stimulation of CD34+ cells for 24 hours.Day 3: Staining and Loading of CD34+ cells onto IsoCode chip.NOTE: This protocol outlines the standard method for thawi... More


Protocol

CRISPRmod dCas9-VPR or dCas9- SALL1-SDS3 mRNA and synthetic guide RNA transfection protocol

The following is a protocol for transfecting CRISPRmod dCas9-VPR or dCas9-SALL1-SDS3 mRNA with synthetic guide RNA into cultured mammalian cells using DharmaFECT™ Duo transfection reagent (Cat #T-2010-xx). The protocol is written for transfection into 96-well tissue culture plates.... More


Protocol

Dharmacon Edit-R Lentiviral sgRNA glycerol stocks

The Dharmacon™ Edit-R™ Lentiviral sgRNA vector is part of the Edit-R CRISPR-Cas9 system for genome engineering. The purpose is to provide the researcher with the most effective tools to deliver a gene-specific sgRNA and, together with Cas9 expression, allow gene editing in cells. In addition to the ... More


Application

Knock-out cell lines and their use in signaling pathways

Knock-out (KO) cell lines are powerful tools to study disease mechanisms, such as the effect of gene disruption on downstream pathways. In this application note, we highlight the effectiveness of Abcam KO cell lines that can be used to investigate signaling pathways, in this case, the TRAIL pathway.... More


Application

Recombinant RabMAb®: Reliable antibodies for reproducible results

Poorly characterized antibodies often fail to provide consistent, reproducible results, thereby wasting materials, researcher time, and money. Compared to traditional polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies, recombinant antibodies exhibit very little batch-to-batch variability, providing scientists wit... More


Application

Antibody conjugation guide

Antibody conjugation, also known as antibody labeling, is the process of chemically linking an antibody to a specific tag. There are many common methods used to conjugate antibodies, although they can have complex protocols and usually require a certain level of skill and expertise. In this guide, w... More


Application

Batch-to-batch consistency of premium grade bioactive proteins

​​​​This white paper demonstrates the batch-to-batch consistency of our premium grade bioactive proteins (growth factors and cytokines). Designed to meet the exacting demands of cell and gene therapy applications, our premium grade proteins are ideal for controlled cell culture. ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​... More


Application

Access the Breadth of Sample Preparation Protocols to Awaken True Functional Immune Biology

Precedent Protocols and Processes ensure that enrichment, stimulation and labeling will result in maximizing the correlative data achieved, while minimizing non-specific impact on the cells themselves. Highlights: • Published enrichment, stimulation, and staining protocols throughout immunotherapy ... More


Application

Technical tips for ELISA and multiplex immunoassay development

Developing a high performance sandwich ELISA or multiplex immunoassay can be complicated, and high performance requires careful development and validation. To help, we have created this guide based on what we have learned during the development of over 500 matched antibody pairs, ELISA kits, and mul... More


Application

The Benchling Life Sciences R&D Cloud

Life science R&D is becoming more complex. Companies need software built for the new way of doing science, or they risk falling behind the next generation of therapeutic development. Enter Benchling. Benchling connects the entire R&D lifecycle — from project documentation and data acquisition to seq... More


Application

Benchling for Gene Therapy & Gene Editing R&D

Modern gene therapy requires investigation of a wide variety of genes of interest, engineering of delivery vectors, and optimization of vector production processes. This necessitates a strong digital foundation to comprehensively characterize gene therapy candidates to bring the best products into t... More


Application

Benchling for Antibody R&D

Innovations in monoclonal antibody technology, bispecifics, and antibody-drug conjugates continue to push the envelope of antibody efficacy and safety. But the industry requires a new kind of digital solution that can offer a holistic view of antibody research and development, integrating large and ... More


Application

Benchling & uniQure: Bringing a gene therapy pioneer from paper to the cloud

uniQure is rapidly advancing a pipeline of AAV-based gene therapies to treat patients with hemophilia, Huntington’s disease, and other severe genetic diseases, but they needed a digital solution that could track their gene therapy workflows end-to-end and enable international collaboration. Learn ho... More


Primer

Assessing Protein Purity: Many Tests, Many Assays

Proteins provide structure to cells, catalyse enzymatic reactions, transport cargo, replicate DNA, metabolise nutrients among an array of other functions. Composed of amino acids and generally featuring a three-dimensional structure, proteins form key therapeutic and diagnostic tools as antibodies o... More


Primer

Expressing, Extracting and Purifying Membrane Proteins

Membrane proteins are key biological players involved in myriad essential cellular processes from molecular transport, cellular communication, and signal transduction to maintaining structures within cells and tissues. Despite their importance, accounting for 25% of all proteins in the human genome ... More


Primer

Unwanted Fungi: Detecting Microbial Cell Culture Contamination

Coming into the lab and spotting an obvious fungal growth, or the tell-tale signs of cloudy media, can be a stressful experience for researchers. When carrying out cell culture in the lab, contamination from microbial agents such as bacteria and fungus can occur and have disastrous effects on ongoin... More


Primer

Saliva, Nasal Swabs, or Blood: Best Samples for Pathogen Detection

Most immunodiagnostic protocols and commercially available kits require serum, plasma, or blood samples. Collecting such samples requires the skills of a phlebotomist. For pathogen detection, particularly in largescale field studies, the collection of noninvasive samples such asnasal swabs, tears, o... More


Primer

Separating Blood into Cellular and Non-Cellular Components

A key diagnostic step in disease detection is analyzing blood components. Accurate separation of blood cells from plasma, which holds proteins and other constituents, is crucial in many assays.First introduced in the late 1980s, lateral flow devices, also referred to as lateral flow immunoassays, ar... More


Primer

Challenges of Organoid Culture

Complex patient models, including organoids and organ-on-a-chip devices, have been developing tremendously fast over the last decade.1 Organoids are 3D multicellular in vitro tissue constructs that functionally and genetically mimic portions of in vivo organs. Properly supplemented media allow the c... More


Primer

Testing Host Immune Responses and Transmissibility

Nonspecific, innate immune response is the first line of defense against invading pathogens. Cells of the innate immune system such as macrophages, natural killer cells, and dendritic cells prevent the spread of foreign pathogens throughout the body.An innate immune response also triggers specific a... More


Primer

Tips for Increasing Transfection Efficiency

Chemical transfection, which relies on the formation of a condensed complex of positively chargedliposomal or non-liposomal reagents and negatively charged nucleic acids,is the most common method for delivering foreign genetic material into cultured cells. Complexes are attracted to the negatively c... More


Primer

Methods to Improve Efficiency of Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing: Microfluidic Impedance Cytometry

The global issue of antimicrobial resistance has been called a “slow motion catastrophe” resulting from the excessive and often inappropriate use of antibiotics to fight bacterial infections.1 A long-standing unmet need is the availability of a quick and easy clinical test to support a more evidence... More


Primer

Quick Antibiotic Susceptibility Test for High-Threat Pathogens in Whole Blood Samples

By spreading so rapidly and wreaking so much havoc, COVID-19 has revealed the susceptibility of global societies to both natural pathogens and intentionally released bioterror agents. The latter include bacteria that have been engineered for enhanced antibiotic resistance.1 Once pathogenic bacteria ... More


Mixer

Viral Titer Assays and Interpretations

In this Mixer we will discuss some common methods used to measure viral titers and considerations one should bear in mind when interpreting the results from different assays used to quantify virus particles.Along with all things virology, the recent pandemic has led to focused interest in the accura... More


Mixer

Cell Therapy: Autologous vs Allogeneic Cell Expansion

This Mixer discusses culture systems, integrated consumables, and technical considerations for cell expansion processes in the production of autologous and allogeneic cell therapy products. Our expert panelists will discuss the implementation of scalable, cost-efficient technologies and process opti... More


Mixer

Spatial Biology Tools and Techniques

Single-cell spatial phenotyping is transforming biomedical research in fields ranging from oncology to neuroscience. This GEN Protocols Mixer focuses on technological developments and protocols that have enabled spatial approaches in biology. We will explore novel applications of the technology in d... More


Video

GEN Protocols Expert Exchanges: Tools and Techniques to Develop Therapies for Neurological Disorders

The human brain is an exquisitely complex organ, consisting of nearly one hundred billion neurons, an equivalent number of non-neuronal cells and trillions of synapses. Understanding the factors that play a role in the development of the structure and function of the brain is an essential step to de... More


Audio

GEN Protocols Expert Exchanges: Next Generation Techniques to Develop Genetic Medicines

The past decade has seen a shift in drug discovery to include targeting the root cause of genetic diseases: loss-of-function, gain-of-function, and change-of-function mutations in the genome. Although first generation genetic medicines like gene therapies heralded a new approach to treating previous... More


Video

GEN Protocols Expert Exchanges: Critical ALS Biomarkers of Neuroinflammation & Oxidative Stress

Biomarkers are essential tools for the development of therapeutics, clinical trial design and patient stratification. Biomarkers also help evaluate the efficacy of therapeutic intervention on disease progression or relapse. Yet, biomarker driven patient stratification, a hallmark in oncology trials,... More


Video

GEN Protocols Expert Exchanges: Nanoparticles in Precision Medicine Diagnostics and Delivery

Particles in the size-range of one to 100 nanometres called nanoparticles exhibit significantly different physical and chemical properties owing to their large surface area to volume ratio. Nanoparticles are finding new applications in medicine. They can combine diagnosis and delivery into one devic... More


Video

GEN Protocols Expert Exchanges: Single-Cell RNA Sequencing--Challenges and Solutions

Biological resolution at the level of individual cells is the only route to understanding biological organisms that are a heterogenous composite of different cell types. Single-cell technology is powering the next phase of basic research in biology, translational enquiries, and strategies for person... More